What is the difference between school-based and clinic-based occupational therapy?
In schools, OTs look at what kinds of supports are already in place in classroom environments and curriculum, such as an accommodation to complete assignments. Clinic-based OTs look at sensory issues and the child’s “occupation” during play and as a family member.
What is the difference between school-based and clinic-based physical therapy?
A school-based physical therapist looks at how the child physically accesses their school environment. Can they safely navigate the classroom and school grounds? Clinic-based PT looks at medical considerations of the child’s disability to safely navigate different home and community environments.
Why is a strength-based IEP more effective?
Strength-based IEPs are effective because they focus on the whole child — not just a child’s disabilities. Focusing on the whole child means writing IEPs in a positive way that honors a student’s abilities, possibilities, interests, and support needs.
How do I request an IEP meeting?
When making a request for an IEP meeting, it MUST be done in writing. You may send an email or certified letter to the child’s case manager. You may also send copies of the letter or email to other relevant team members, such as the school psychologist, teacher, and principal.
Should I send a summary of the IEP meeting?
This summary can help you clarify and record important aspects of the meeting, as well as bring to light any misunderstandings or points that need clarification. It can also document any disagreements or requests you made that were denied, which may be important in a future proceeding.
Are A through G graduation requirements for students with disabilities?
There are state- and district-mandated requirements for graduating with a diploma, and then there are the A-G requirements, which are courses needed to meet the minimum admission criteria set by schools in the University of California and California State University systems.
Can students with intellectual disabilities go to college?
Many colleges, employers, and some branches of the military require a diploma. More opportunities are becoming available as universities become more inclusive for students with disabilities to attend classes, live in the dorms, make friends, and find peer support.
What is a 504 Plan?
504 plans are supported by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, a civil rights statute written to prevent discrimination against people with disabilities. Accommodations provided under a 504 plan are designed to give children with disabilities access to the learning environment.
What kinds of accommodations can be provided under a 504 plan?
Accommodations provided under a 504 plan are designed to give children with disabilities access to the learning environment. Assistance carrying books, assistive technology devices, or materials with enlarged print are all examples of accommodations that can be provided through a 504 plan.
How do I know if my child needs an IEP or a 504 Plan?
A 504 is sufficient when a child needs support accessing the learning environment or content. A 504 plan will typically only cover accommodations. A child who needs either specialized academic instruction or to be in a special education classroom will probably need an IEP.
Can my child have both a 504 plan and an IEP?
A child can have both, but it isn’t necessary because an IEP will cover the accommodations a child needs. If a child qualifies for an IEP because they have a specific learning disability, but they also have a disease, you can write any accommodations that you need for the disease into the IEP.
Can I convert my child’s IEP to a 504 plan?
It’s great if a child doesn’t need an IEP anymore because that means that the IEP has worked. However, that doesn’t mean a student would no longer need or benefit from some accommodations. In that case, it is possible to request a 504 plan.
Should I agree to a confidential settlement agreement with the school district?
A successful informal meeting or mediation is likely to result in a confidential settlement agreement between you and the district. It is wise to consult a lawyer to make sure you fully understand the implications before agreeing to any waiver.
How do I make sure my child has opportunities to socialize at school?
Build inclusion into every IEP; seek out or create lunchtime social clubs; and make sure your child has equal opportunities to participate in activities that interest them, like choir or drama, with appropriate support.
Does my child need to make friends with typically developing kids?
Children with disabilities live in a world of predominantly non-disabled people. They need to know how to interact socially. This is important not only for their social-emotional well-being and their success in school now, but also for their future.
When would my child need a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)?
A Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) can be conducted when the IEP team determines it would be appropriate for the child, or when a change in placement is being sought due to behaviors. Learn when the school district must be legally responsible for funding an FBA.
How do I write a strength-based IEP?
The team can employ a strength-based perspective by writing IEP goals that include information about what is already working. For example, a goal might begin by listing accommodations a child uses that may be incrementally removed or adjusted as the child masters the skill.
When should my child's IEP goals be aligned with general education curriculum?
It is ideal for all students to have academic goals that are aligned with the Common Core State Standards or the general education curriculum. For students with more extensive support needs, use Core Content Connectors or Common Core Connectors to determine appropriate goal objectives.
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